Multiple myeloma symptoms may not appear in all patients who have the condition. Sometimes, it’s not until a patient has a routine urine or blood test that the cancer is discovered. Also, not all patients who experience the symptoms associated with this type of plasma cell tumor will have multiple myeloma – the symptoms may actually be caused by other medical conditions. It’s important that individuals seek medical attention if they experience any of the symptoms associated with multiple myeloma for more than a few days in order to diagnose or rule out cancer as the cause.
Multiple myeloma originates in the plasma cells in a patient’s bone marrow and often affects red blood cells, platelets and other types of white blood cells. These cells can become crowded out by the abnormal plasma cells, which prevents healthy cells from reproducing and functioning properly and often leads to the development of several health problems. For example, a shortage of red blood cells may lead patients to develop anemia; a lack of blood platelets may prevent blood from clotting properly; and a deficiency of healthy white blood cells may lead patients to develop infections more frequently.
Common signs of multiple myeloma
Some of the other symptoms of multiple myeloma may include:
- Bone pain, often in the back or ribs
- Bones that break easily
- Unexplained fever
- Bruising easily
- Trouble breathing
- Weakness of the arms or legs
- Weight loss
The Malignant Hematology Program at Moffitt Cancer Center specializes in identifying and treating multiple myeloma and its symptoms. Our team performs thorough examinations, such as blood and urine tests, imaging tests and physicals, in order to provide patients with a proper diagnosis. If our specialists confirm that a patient has multiple myeloma, he or she can receive treatment and supportive care services in the same convenient location. As the only National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center based in the state of Florida, patients receive some of the most highly sought-after cancer treatments in the region.
To learn more about multiple myeloma symptoms or the many innovative treatment options we offer, contact Moffitt Cancer Center at 1-888-663-3488 or complete our online patient registration form. No referral is needed to consult with one of our oncologists specializing in multiple myeloma.